Even if Spain is the third country with the greatest reduction in antibiotic consumption intended for human health in Europe, according to the National Plan to Combat Antibiotic Resistance 2022-2024 of the Spanish Agency for Medicines and Health Products (Aemps), there is still a long way to go.

For Dr. Manuel Escolar, doctor at Cinfa, “this progress is not enough and society must continue to improve its awareness of the risks linked to the irresponsible use of these drugs.” The main and most worrying consequence is the greater resistance of bacteria, which gives rise to the appearance of so-called “superbugs”, microorganisms resistant to the effect of the antibiotics with which they are commonly treated. “This is a very real and present health risk that already caused a large number of deaths», says the expert.

This is indicated by the “Seimc-BMR 2023” study, from the Spanish Society of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology (Seimc), according to which more than 23,000 people died last year in Spain from a multi-drug resistant bacterial infection (BMR).

Threat to health

The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared that antimicrobial drug resistance is one of the top ten public health threats facing humanity and could become the leading cause of death in 2050, surpassing the cancer. According to this institution, high rates of resistance to those commonly used in the treatment of bacterial infections as common as urinary tract infections, pneumonia, sepsis, sexually transmitted infections and some forms of diarrhea have already been observed in the world.

“Antibiotics, effective treatments for treating infections of bacterial origin, For many years, they have been losing effectiveness against these micro-organisms.. For this reason, it is essential that the population becomes aware and commits to using this type of medicine correctly,” emphasizes the Cinfa expert.

An antibiotic is considered misused if it is purchased without a prescription, if it is used to treat conditions caused by viruses, such as the flu or cold, if it is taken without following the healthcare professional’s instructions or if the diet is discontinued before treatment is completed. treatment. . According to Esolar, we must be clear that “it is bacteria that become resistant to antibiotics, not humans. If I take them inappropriately, this behavior poses a risk not only to my health, but also to the entire population, “Because if I transmit these bacteria to another person, they will continue to be resistant to antibiotics,” explains the expert.

Tips for responsible use

►Do not self-medicate. You may be making the mistake of taking medications that are completely ineffective in fighting your infection.

►Remember that they are not effective in curing colds and flu. These infections are usually caused by viruses and antibiotics only work against bacteria.

►Do not ask the pharmacist for antibiotics without the doctor having prescribed them.

►Not for your sons or daughters either. If he shows symptoms of infection, take him to the pediatrician.

►Follow your healthcare professional’s instructions when taking antibiotics. You must respect and follow all their guidelines, both in terms of dose to take and times and duration of treatment.

►Plan schedules

to take the medicine. Think about what time is easiest for you to stick to the stated frequency.

►Complete the treatment for the prescribed time. Do not stop taking it even if symptoms disappear.

►Do not store or take leftover antibiotics after treatment. Drop off the remaining doses at the Sigre point located in your pharmacy.

►Follow the vaccination schedule. Most vaccines received are for diseases caused by bacteria. Thus, ensure your health while helping to avoid

that bacteria increase resistance to antibiotics.

►For your pet, also on prescription. The veterinarian will decide on your treatment and prescribe the antibiotic only when necessary. Do not give away any leftover medications you may have at home.

By wbu4c

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *